Health & Beauty

What Does a Personal Trainer Do?

Personal Trainer

Dynamic Personal Training helps people become stronger and healthier versions of themselves. They use a variety of workout routines and fitness knowledge to motivate, assess, and update their clients’ exercise plans.

They also educate their customers on healthy nutrition. They explain how certain diets can help them achieve their goals and assist them in developing realistic objectives.

Setting goals is a crucial part of any fitness routine. It provides a clear roadmap on how to get where you want to be and can help with the motivation needed to achieve that goal. There are a number of different methods and frameworks that personal trainers use to help their clients set goals. One of the most common is the SMART approach to goal-setting. This involves making sure that a goal is specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and timebound.

The specificity of a goal is about being as detailed as possible; for example, wanting to make more money is too broad, whereas stating that you want to land four new clients by the end of February is much more specific and measurable. Measurability is about being able to measure progress towards a goal, and there are many apps available that can help with this. For the less tech-savvy, simply writing down your goals in a journal will suffice.

Achievable refers to whether the goal is realistic and within reach; for example, aiming to do 100 pull-ups over the course of the next month is not achievable for most people, especially at this stage. However, if your client is only able to perform three sessions over the next month and this still pushes them forward in their training plan, then that is a success.

Relevant refers to how a goal is connected to the bigger picture and the impact that it will have on a person’s life; for example, increasing the amount of sleep someone gets at night might have a positive effect on their mental health. This is why it is important for a trainer to have a discussion with their client about what they would like to achieve and how these goals will affect the rest of their life.

Timebound refers to putting a date on when a goal should be achieved and is often the most motivating aspect of all. This is why it’s essential that a personal trainer is skilled in the goal-setting process and can help their clients set quality long-term and short-term goals to keep them on track.


The personal training industry is highly competitive. Personal trainers are required to have a range of skills, including knowledge of exercise science, anatomy, and physiology, as well as client communication and motivational techniques. Many PTs obtain these skills through formal education and certification programs that can take anywhere from a few months to a few years to complete.

The success of a personal trainer can be dependent on their ability to keep clients motivated to achieve the results they are after. This is not always easy, as there are a number of factors that can impact a client’s motivation.

Some of these include:

One of the most important things a personal trainer can do to keep their clients motivated is to find out what they are really working towards. This is known as their “why,” and figuring it out is key to long-term success. Whether it is to shed some kilos before a wedding, get stronger for the next triathlon, or simply feel better about themselves, it is essential that the client find their driving force to make the changes they need.

In order to find out their “why,” a personal trainer must ask the client questions and listen carefully to what they say. They must also be able to help their clients see the big picture and understand how positive lifestyle changes can positively impact them. This can be achieved through the three principles of motivation:

autonomy, mastery, and purpose When a client has all three of these components, they are more likely to be intrinsically motivated and will continue their fitness journey long after they’ve reached their desired outcomes. A PT can support their clients in finding these elements by helping them learn how to do new exercises, teaching them healthy cooking and lifestyle habits, and showing them photos or videos of their progress.

A PT can also help their clients stay motivated by reminding them of their “why” and encouraging them to pass on their knowledge by being an example. This can be done by posting inspirational quotes on social media or by telling their clients about a time they struggled to motivate themselves but still managed to push through to reach their goals.


As a personal trainer, you must provide your clients with the encouragement and structured feedback they need to stick with their program. This is crucial to exercise adherence, program success, and the attainment of their goals. Feedback can be extrinsic or intrinsic and comes in the form of verbal reinforcement, teaching, and correcting exercise technique, as well as the use of technology to analyze and monitor performance.

The technical skills required to be a successful personal trainer include physical fitness assessments, training methods and techniques, knowledge of anatomy and physiology, and the ability to motivate clients. You also need excellent communication and interpersonal skills to work closely with each client and understand their needs. Coursework in kinesiology and motor development helps you teach clients the basic principles of movement and how to correctly perform exercise routines.

While building a business and staying motivated can be challenging, it’s important to stay current with industry developments and research on personal fitness. Then, you can use these tools to create effective programs and routines that align with your clients’ goals and needs. You might also need problem-solving skills in the event that a client has diet restrictions or other health conditions that complicate their workouts.

In addition to your personal training and communication skills, you must be able to build and maintain a professional reputation. This includes keeping a schedule that allows you to meet with multiple clients per week as well as networking and attracting new clients. It’s also a good idea to invest in professional liability insurance, sometimes called errors and omissions insurance, which can help cover your financial losses if a client claims that you caused an injury during an exercise session.

As a personal trainer, you may need to travel between locations or even countries. This requires flexibility as well as a willingness to work in the evenings, early mornings, or on weekends. Additionally, you may need to purchase additional equipment and supplies if you want to train your clients outside of the gym, such as yoga mats or a set of weights.


Personal trainers help their clients set realistic goals and work through a program to achieve those goals. They may also be called on to provide guidance and support in the case of an injury or a health condition that requires specific care. This requires strong interpersonal skills in addition to technical abilities like exercise assessment and programming.

Personal training is often a flexible job, especially when just starting out. You might be required to work early mornings, evenings, or weekends as you build up your client base. This means that your scheduling and organizational skills need to be top-notch. In addition, you might need to be able to cover yourself on short notice when a client cancels or changes an appointment.

Developing and creating workout programs for different clients requires a creative mindset and the ability to adapt exercises to fit individual needs. This is particularly important in cases where a client has a medical condition that might cause complications with certain exercise movements or when they have particular fitness goals that require a higher level of skill and expertise than the average person.

A good personal trainer will be able to assess each individual client and provide them with an appropriate exercise program that is tailored to their specific needs. This includes conducting a thorough fitness assessment that covers various components of a healthy lifestyle, including flexibility, strength, and cardiovascular endurance. They will then create a comprehensive plan that outlines their workouts and the techniques needed to execute them safely.

A personal trainer will also be able to offer support in the form of encouragement and energy during a session, as well as advice on nutrition and other aspects of health and wellbeing. This can be a great way to keep you motivated and make long-term progress on your fitness journey.